Trekking is an extended journey on foot through mountainous areas and trails of natural wilderness. The rugged terrains, unpredictable weather, and inhospitable environment may appear challenging to even the most daring lot. But the reward for taking such an adventure is mostly sweet and immensely satisfying in the end. The key is to undertake adequate preparations for the trekking trip to go as smoothly as possible. Here are a few safety tips to keep in mind before you embark on the next trek.
Prepare yourself physically: Trekking is an arduous physical activity- one that could test the limits of your personal stamina and endurance. The bodily muscles have to function smoothly in order to undertake the steep uphill and downhill trails. Involve yourself in some kind of aerobic activity such as swimming, walking, jogging or cycling at least a month in advance to increase your stamina. A good level of physical stamina goes a long way in preventing issues such as joint strains and muscle soreness.
Always stay in your group: Please don’t walk too fast or too slow to get separated from your group. Avoid sitting at isolated places such as small water bodies or dense bushes. In an unknown terrain, you don’t want to get lost. Stay with your group members at all times and help each other out in case of need.
Pack all essentials: There are some survival items that you must carry in your backpack such as a pocket knife/Swiss knife, adequate amount of water, a map, a pocket torch, matchbox or lighter, a first aid kit, a raincoat, a whistle, healthy eatables such as dry fruits, nuts and chocolates besides hygiene accessories like hand sanitizer, paper soap etc. Always make sure to wear comfortable footwear, the kind recommended by your tour operator.
Train yourself for High Altitude sickness: You can encounter a common problem called acute mountain sickness while you are trekking in high altitude areas. It usually occurs when a person’s body fails to adjust with the changed atmospheric pressure upon exposure to a high altitude. The cold air on the higher reaches can be thin and can cause such reactions. The best way to avoid this problem is acclimatization or to gradually attain height to get used to the changed environment. Also make sure to rest well, abstain from alcohol and smoking, eat nutritious food and drink plenty of water to keep the body well hydrated.
Get Health Insurance It’s always better to have necessary health insurance that can cover the cost of any kind of treatment you may require for a physical problem that occurs during the trek. Remember this is only for the worst case scenario. In all likelihood, you will go and come back completely fine from the trek.
So sit back, dream of the next trek destination and make it happen. With a little preparation and resolve, you can experience the adventure of a lifetime.